A surgical procedure known as a laminectomy (also known as decompression surgery) alleviates pressure in the back through the removal of the lamina; the portion of the vertebra that conceals the spinal canal. This surgical procedure actually widens the spinal canal to alleviate undue pressure against the spinal cord or nerves.
A laminectomy is needed when a person is suffering from herniated spinal discs or bony spinal growths (often caused by arthritis). These conditions cause a great deal of pain and discomfort to millions who suffer from them each year.
In addressing this or any other spinal condition, your doctor will first explore noninvasive, nonsurgical options with the patient; options that include physical therapy, injections, medications, and various back adjustment and massage therapies.
If surgery is needed, it is much less risky in nature compared to other back and spine surgeries. The following are a few risks associated with the surgery:
- Nerve or root damage
- Unexpected blood loss during the procedure
- Adverse reaction to general or local anesthesia
- Infection, no matter how small the incision area
- Spinal fluid leak or Dura Tear
- Vein thrombosis, due to blood clots forming in the legs of a bedridden patient
- Persistent pain, little benefit from disc removal
- The slight probability that the initial minimally invasive spine surgery cannot be finished once started, requiring either a second surgery or full open surgery.